The Different Types of Energy

The various forms of energy are the primary materials that power is generated. They are converted into secondary forms, such as fuels and electricity. They are then transported through various channels to supply the energy that powers our lives, factories, homes and automobiles. Energy sources are categorized as renewable and non-renewable.

Renewable (or clean) energy is generated from natural sources that are continually replenished. Examples include wind, solar and geothermal. Fossil Fuels (coal natural gas and oil), are non-renewable because they are formed much more slowly than we do.

Solar energy can be harnessed on one rooftop or in huge solar power plants. Solar energy can be converted into photovoltaic energy, which generates electricity directly. Water can be harnessed in order to generate hydropower, or be utilized for waves and tidal energy. Geothermal energy is derived from hot water reservoirs underground. Bioenergy is derived from diverse organic sources, such as woody crops, dung from animals and human wastes.

In addition to being eco-friendly Renewable energy is also cheaper than fossil fuels. Renewables are expensive and require an extensive infrastructure to capture and distribute the energy. This can lead to complicated trade-offs in environmental economic, social, and aspects. Nevertheless, the development of these technologies is continuing to increase and are gaining ground against more traditional fossil fuels. In the long run renewable energy may be more affordable than coal and oil.

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